Freddie Young (1902-1998) b. London, England.
Renowned cinematographer with a long and distinguished career stretching over half a century in British and Anglo-American films. Freddie Young entered the film industry in 1917 as a laboratory assistant at Gaumont’s Shepherd’s Bush Studios. His first credit was as assistant cameraman on W.P. Kellino’s Rob Roy (1922), and through the 1930s he was chief cameraman to Herbert Wilcox under contract to his British and Dominions. During the 30s he elaborately lensed pictures including Goodnight Vienna (1932), Bitter Sweet (1933), Nell Gwyn (1934), Victoria the Great (1937), Sixty Glorious Years (1938) and Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939). Following wartime service as chief cameraman in the Army Kinematograph Service, Young became one of a handful of British cinematographers who were as proficient with Technicolor as with black-and-white. From 1948 he was under contract as Director of Photography at MGM-British in Elstree. He continued to be associated with distinguished films after the war, working with such British directors as Michael Powell, Carol Reed and Anthony Asquith, and Hollywood directors such as George Cukor, John Ford and Vincente Minnelli. In 1962, at the age of 60, he began a long association with David Lean which brought him consecutive Academy Awards for Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965) and Ryan’s Daughter (1970). He was the first recipient of the American Society of Cinematographers’ International Achievement Award. While many of his contemporaries urged Young to become a director himself, it wasn’t until he turned 82 that Young directed his first and only film, the made-for-TV Arthur’s Hallowed Ground (1983). Awarded OBE (Order of the British Empire) in 1970.