Ken Hughes (1922-2001) b. Liverpool, England.
Associated with the film industry for over fifty years, Hughes was a television playwright and novelist. Most of his films were crime thrillers, including a bizarre version of Macbeth transposed to American gangland, Joe Macbeth (1955). The success of The Trials of Oscar Wilde (1960) with Peter Finch led to bigger-budget projects. His most ambitious work was Cromwell (1970), in which the dictator of the Commonwealth was seen as a seventeenth-century Castro, leading his freedom fighters. Hughes did score back-to-back successes with the bond spoof Casino Royale (1967) and Disney’s Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968). Later he directed Alfie Darling (1975), a 70s sex-comedy follow-up to the Oscar-nominated Alfie (1966).